4-6 yrs 2017-08-14T13:21:05+00:00

Stages of Development – 4-6 Years

Play and Social Skills

  • Is interested in, aware of, and able to maintain eye contact with others
  • Enjoys playing in small groups with children of the same age
  • Is able to initiate and play with another child of the same age
  • Turns head in response to name being called
  • Interested in exploring varied environments, such as new playground or friend’s house
  • Is able to play in new social situations
  • Enjoys playing with variety of toys intended for children of the same age
  • Is aware of risky and unsafe environments and behavior
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  • Participates in crafts / activities that involve wet textures, such as glue
  • Enjoys rough but safe play with peers, siblings, or parents
  • Enjoys swinging on playground swings
  • Enjoys playing with new toys
  • Is able to play with one toy or theme for 15 minute periods of time

Visual Motor Integration

  • Cutting paper in half
  • Lacing 3 holes
  • Copying cross
  • Cutting a line
  • Dropping pellets into a container
  • Tracing line
  • Copying square
  • Cutting a circle
  • Imitation/copying of block designs steps and pyramid
  • Connecting dots
  • Cutting a square
  • Folding paper
  • Coloring between the lines
  • Draws a 9 part person
  • Copies a diagonal stroke
  • Copies an x

Self-Expression

  • Has grown accustomed to everyday sounds and is usually not startled by them
  • Has an established and reliable sleeping schedule
  • Is able to enjoy a wide variety of touch, noises, and smells
  • Cries and notices when hurt
  • Is able to calm self down after upsetting event
  • Is able to transition to new environment or activity
  • Is able to pay attention and is not distracted by sounds not noticed by others
  • Is able to cope with an unexpected change

Motor Coordination

  • Enjoys and seeks out various ways to move and play
  • Has adequate endurance and strength to play with peers
  • Coordinates movements needed to play and explore
  • Usually walks with heel toe pattern and not primarily on toes
  • Can maintain balance to catch ball or when gently bumped by peers
  • Is able to walk and maintain balance over uneven surfaces
  • Walks through new room without bumping into objects or people
  • Only leans on furniture, walls or people and sits slumped over when tired
  • Is able to throw and attempt to catch ball without losing balance
  • Coordinates both hands to play, such as swinging a bat or opening a container
  • Coordinates hand and finger movement needed to participate in table top games and activities
  • Is able to color and begin to imitate shapes
  • Uses appropriate force when playing with peers or pets or when holding objects
  • Is able to maintain good sitting posture needed to sit in chair

Daily Activities

  • Is able to use utensils to pick up pieces of food
  • Has an established sleep schedule
  • Is usually able to self calm to fall asleep
  • Is able to tolerate and wear textures of new and varied articles of clothes
  • Is able to take appropriate bites of food, does not always stuff mouth
  • Is able to tolerate haircuts and nail cutting without crying
  • Is able to adapt to changes in routine
  • Can take bath or shower, although preference may be present
  • Eats a diet rich in various foods, temperatures, and textures
  • Can drink from a cup and straw without dribbling
  • Need for crashing, bumping and moving fast does not interfere with participation in activities and family life
  • Is able to complete everyday tasks that have multiple steps, such as dressing
  • Puts shoes on correct feet
  • Dons pants
  • Pulls down pants
  • Unzips and zips non-separating zipper
  • Buttons large buttons
  • Snaps
  • Unbuckles
  • Buckles
  • Connect two-part zipper
  • Knows front vs. back
  • Puts belt in loops
  • Independent with Velcro on shoes
  • Sucks through a straw while holding cup with one hand
  • Runs comb or brush through hair
  • Thoroughly brushes teeth